Last Update: January 22, 2003 -- THE HP REFERENCE
Hewlett-Packard engineers have employed the latest packaging technology in designing the HP-11C, a programmable calculator with an extensive set of built-in scientific and engineering functions.
The HP 11C pocket calculator (Fig. 1) from Hewlett-Packard is a study in packaging efficiency. A large-face LCD module, battery pack and high-reliability keyboard are all interconnected and housed in a slimline ABS plastic case measuring 5 x 3 1/8 x 5/8 inches. Figure 2 shows the major parts within the HP-11C.
Russ Paglia, senior design engineer for the HP-11C, says a major challenge in the design was in maximizing the usefulness of the LCD.
"We changed the format from that of our previous calculators by using a larger LCD for displaying bigger, bolder characters," explains Paglia. "The display window is 2.375 x 0.500 in. but the glass LCD device overlaps the window size around the edge by about 0.125 inches."
The primary electronics of the HP-11C is located in the display module (Fig. 3). This module consists of the LCD, a Kapton flexible circuit containing the electronics, and a plastic backup frame to prevent defection of the assembly. Two ICs in flatpacks -- the CPU and a multipurpose chip which drives the display -- are soldered to the flexible circuit together with some analog components for the low battery- indicator circuit. Two elastomeric connectors, one along the top edge of the LCD and one along the bottom, interconnect the LCD to the flexible circuit. The display module is held together by a metal frame that clips around the periphery of the assembly, effectively sandwiching the flexible circuit between the LCD and the plastic frame. The flexible circuit extending from one end of the display module makes pressure contact with matching fingers on the epoxy glass keyboard. The flexible circuit extending from the opposite end of the module has clips for attachment to the battery pack.
1. Hewlett-Packard's new calculator, the HP-11C, is a programmable instrument for solving complex scientific and engineering functions. Designed to be a professional tool, the HP-11C also exemplifies Hewlett-Packard's expertise in electronic packaging.
According to Paglia, the HP-11C has been designed to withstand shock equivalent to a drop from a shirt pocket on to a hard floor. The display module floats on a special mounting at its four corners. Holes at each corner of the display module's plastic backup frame mate with bosses on the molded case. Urethane foam washers are placed on each side of the plastic frame to provide the required cushioning.
The keyboard is a two-sided epoxy glass PC board containing gold-plated key-contact areas and circuit traces. The keyboard assembly consists of the plastic keys, a thin rubber spacer to take up slack and eliminate key rattle, stainless steel switching actuators, and the rigid PC board. This entire assembly is inserted into the HP-11C's front half of the case and is aligned and supported by mating a set of holes in the keyboard with boss extensions on the molded case. Once in place, the bosses are heat-deformed to permanently attach the keyboard assembly to the case.
Hewlett-Packard engineers have provided a high degree of electrostatic protection for the HP-11C and its sensitive CMOS devices. A thin film of mylar-coated conductive polycarbonate is used for covering the back of the display module. The keyboard is also wrapped with the conductive polycarbonate film and bonded to an adhesive-coated foam tape on the back of the keyboard. This provides electrostatic protection as well as a seal against contamination.
The two halves of the ABS plastic case mate along an inclined interface, forming an efficient seal against the ingress of dust or moisture. Four screws installed from the back firmly secure the two halves.